In this study, odontometric analysis was performed with the data obtained from the teeth of the people of Mound of Van Fortress, dated to the Middle Ages. Additionally, its relationship with contemporary communities has been tried to be determined. In the study, 1251 females of a total of 125 adult individuals, 56 females and 69 males, were studied. Mesiodistal length (MD) and buccolingual width (BL) measurements were taken from the teeth. Crown area, crown index and crown unit index values were calculated. After all calculations, it has been observed that, in general, men's teeth sizes are larger than women's teeth sizes. However, there was no statistically significant difference between the genders in the crown index values that characterize the shape of the tooth. In all measurements except crown index values, a statistical difference was observed in Pm2, Pm1, C and I2 in the upper jaw, and in M2, Pm1 and C in the lower jaw. On the other hand, no significant difference was found for all measurements in M3 in the upper jaw and M1 and I2 in the lower jaw. The phenogram obtained as a result of the clustering analysis using the SPSS program is divided into two main groups. While the first group includes Tefenni, Yarımburgaz, Ayatekla, İznik, Van Kalesi Mound, Minnetpınarı, Dara and Güllüdere communities, the second group includes Panaztepe, Çemberlitaş, Topaklı, Kocamustafapaşa and Adramytteion communities. Van Castle Mound is located in the same cluster with Iznik, Minnetpınarı and Dara communities. It is also very close to the communities of Ayatekla, Tefenni and Yarımburgaz. In the results obtained from the phenogram, it is clearly seen that the people of Mound of Van Fortress have more relations with the south of Anatolia. This may be due to the fact that the people of the region migrated to the central and southern parts of Anatolia and even to Syria and Bulgaria in the early 11th century due to political turmoil.


Mound of Van Fortress, odontometric analysis, Middle Age