Abstract


EVALUATION OF DEEP ECOLOGY MOVEMENT ASSUMPTIONS IN MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CRISES

Deep ecology is a philosophical thought that does not separate humans from the nature in which they live, that considers humans and nature as equal, and does not accept the superiority of humans over nature. It is also characterized as a movement with a high spiritual dimension, as it treats nature and humans as "one and whole". The aim of this study is what will be the perspective and effect of this philosophical thought, which has very sharp and clear lines in its view of human, nature, society, state, hierarchy and consumption, in the solution of environmental crises. For this purpose, it is important to try to examine the assumptions of deep ecology theoretically one by one. In this context, deep ecology treats nature and other living things in nature as pieces of a puzzle that complement each other rather than as servants in front of human beings, does not accept a hierarchical structure, emphasizes the fragmented state of power, and supports a pluralistic structure dominated by cultural and social diversity and cooperation. With the basic philosophy of protecting the diversity in nature, the prevailing opinion is that human beings should be content with what they can survive and definitely refuse to consume more than they need. It is underlined that the end of the road will lead to the search for new resources, based on the understanding that more consumption necessitates more production, that each production destroys the raw materials that exist in nature and consumes limited and finite resources. Thus the search for new resources is one of the most important factors of environmental destruction. It has been tried to examine how these views put forward by the deep ecology movement, which has very sharp lines, will have an effect on the cause or result of today's environmental crises, through the assumptions of this thought. It would not be a mistake to state that consumption and the perception of consumption are the main cause of today's environmental crises. It does not seem possible to eliminate environmental threats as long as the perception that sees human beings as a being for consumption by keeping them separate and superior to other living things in nature is not abandoned.



Keywords

Deep ecology, shallow ecology, environmental crisis


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