Özet


SETTLEMENT OF BULGARIAN IMMIGRANTS IN ÇANKIRI ACCORDING TO THE MIGRANT AND REFUGEE MAIN REGISTRATION (1938)

The migrations that started with the end of Ottoman rule in the Balkans continued after the establishment of the Republic of Turkey. The migration of Turks staying in the Balkans to Anatolia has been warmly approached within the framework of the nation-state understanding. There are two main factors in this approach. Firstly, due to the wars in the last periods of the Ottoman Empire, a serious decrease in the population of Anatolia has occurred, and secondly, the Turks living in the Balkans want to be saved from the pressures they have been subjected to. Against this background, it is observed that migration from Romania and Bulgaria to Turkey intensified between 1934 and 1938. Immigrants from the Balkans settled in places with a low population density, primarily in the Thrace region. However, due to the influx of migrants in 1936, new settlements were identified in the Aegean, Black Sea and Central Anatolia regions. In particular, immigrants who arrived in 1938 were settled in Central Anatolia, which is not compatible with the climate and geographical conditions of the Balkans. There is no Çankırı province among the places designated for the settlement of Balkan migrants in Central Anatolia. dec. However, as a result of the examinations carried out in the Main Register of Migrants and Refugees belonging to Çankırı, it was determined that immigrants who arrived in the region from Bulgaria in 1938 in later years were resettled in the region. In this study, the demographic characteristics of the migrants resettled in Çankırı and the benefits provided are discussed in the light of the information contained in the Register of Migrant and Refugee Principals.



Anahtar Kelimeler

Balkanlar, Bulgaristan, Göç, İskân, Çankırı


Reference