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A REVIEW ON THE CONCEPTIONS OF MANKURT AND KÖZKAMAN AND THEIR REFLECTIONS IN THE TURKISH PRESS

Mankurt and kozkaman are concepts that have been expressed with increasing frequency by Turkish politicians in recent years and have found a parallel place in the Turkish press. When examined in terms of origin, it is possible to say that both concepts are derived from the Epic of Manas. The concepts of mankurt and kozkaman, which are still up-to-date today, and the stories in which the concepts make sense, offer important opportunities to make sense of today's political and cultural world. The main purpose of this study is to reveal what the concepts of mankurt and kozkaman from the Epic of Manas mean, in which contexts they are used today and the reflections of these contexts in the Turkish press. In the existing literature, mankurt and kozkaman concepts are frequently examined in the context of literature, and the political dimensions of the concepts, their reflections in the press generally ignored. The study evaluates this situation as problematic. The media is among the most important devices of today in informing and raising awareness of individuals and societies, transferring the collective memory to future generations and shaping the attitudes and behaviors of individuals. In this direction, it is very important to examine the reflections of the concepts in the media. In this context, the representations of the concepts of mankurt and kozkaman between the years 2015 - 2020 in Turkish newspapers Yeniçağ, Yeni Şafak, Sabah, Hürriyet, Cumhuriyet and Evrensel, which have different ideological publishing understanding, have been analyzed in accordance with the critical discourse analysis method developed by Teun Van Dijk. According to the data obtained, the concepts are used in conjunction with nationalist discourses, the public is warned against the "terrorist elements" with these concepts, the person or people who belittle their country and culture, and denigrate their own country to the "imperialist states" are described as mankurt and közkaman. In addition, according to the data obtained from the study, the political stance of the newspaper also affected the way the concepts were conveyed.



Anahtar Kelimeler

 Mankurt, Kozkaman, Epic of Manas, Aytmatov, Critical discourse analysis


Reference