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Abstract


BATTLE OF PLEVNA AND GAZI OSMAN PASHA IN SOCIAL MEMORY AND ORAL POETRY TRADITION
Human memory has an importance as a “data conveyor” in keeping alive cultural, political and social features. People who are known by everyone and effective events don’t wipe out of the memory easily. Because of the distinctive cognitive function of the oral tradition high qualified people, heroes arise. Dull personalities don’t hold on the oral memory. Gazi Osman Pasha and Plevna War represent the high qualified hero and effective shielding in the peoples memory. The extraordinary defence effort and heroism in the (1877-1878) Ottoman-Russian War made Osman Pasha be known by all over the world. The basis of the study is consisted of the folk poetry as the product of the living oral memory and oral tradition. The transfer action which allows remembering together is very important. We see that the images of the past and the remembered knowledge of the past as the ceremony applications, anthems, songs, legends, etc. are transferred and preserved. This arises from the remembering force as a mass of the society. One feature of the history formed in the oral memory according to many sources is the reproduction of the substantial different visual angles. Oral history is mostly the method of collecting materials. This method is a contribution to the process to understand the present by giving meaning to the past. Oral history besides defining the situated order it provides constructing the past in a more real and equitable form.

Keywords
Gazi Osman Pasha, Plevna War, oral memory, cultural memory.


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