THE REFLECTIONS OF THE RELATIONS BETWEEN ROME-PARTH IN CILICIA PROVINCE IN B.C. I. CENTURY
Province of Cilicia which was established in order to hinder piratical activities in the southern Anatolia has an important place in Rome’s traditional policy of the east and the fact of administrtation. The province spread on the widest borders thanks to the regulations that were made by Pompeius has gained more importance strategically with additions of Apameia (=Dinar), Cibyra (= Gölhisar), and Synnada (= Şuhut) during the governorship of Lentulus Spinther. Especially the east part of the province comprising Cilicia Pedias was the first of the areas where rather complex relations were experienced, and frequent regulations were applied in. B.C. I. Century Rome administration. Undergoing hard times due to the erroneous administration of Rome Governors and the problem of piracy for a long time; the province had been face to face with the danger of Parth due to its being tied to Cilicia Pedias by Pompeius. Being Cicero and Marcus Antonius’ in the first place, Parths have great roles in the regulations made by Rome’s Province of Cilicia administrators. Hence, the subject of this study is the reflections of the relationship between Rome- Parth on the light of Cicero’s letters and ancient sources. With respect to this side, the study includes a general evaluation about historical improvement of Cilicia Province in the context of Rome-Parth relations.
Rome, Parths, Province of Cilicia, Cicero, Marcus Antonius.