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The aim of research is to determine the attitudes of academicians towards social gender role and the factors affecting it. The research was carried out in a state university of a city in Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. As the number of population is known in the sample of the research, 320 participants were included in the study. The data of the research was collected by using Personal Information Form and Gender-Roles Attitude scale (GRAS). The data was analyzed with SPSS 22 program. While %74.3 of Academic Staff state that men and women do not have equal rights in Turkish society, % 67.1 suggest this inequality is caused by biological features and %60.9 note that they have experienced social gender discrimination. Total average scores of GRAS of male academicians have been found out to be statistically significantly higher than those of female academicians (p<0.05). There is also statistically significant difference between the subscales of egalitarian gender, female gender and gender in marriage by the educational status of academicians’ parents (p<0.05). When it comes to the subscales and total average scores by the age and family type of academicians, there is no statistically significant difference (p>0.05). It has been revealed that the academicians in the research have a general attitude of traditional social gender role. A crucial number of them do not have knowledge about the term of social gender, and more than half state that this is because of biological features while one-fourths point the reason as illiteracy. The academicians who have not experienced social gender discrimination have an egalitarian perspective than those who have. Male academicians can be said to have more egalitarian attitude towards social gender role than female ones.

Gender, Gender Roles, Gender Attitude, Academicians.

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