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Summary


INTENSE MIGRATION FROM HARPOOT TO AMERICA WITH NEW DOCUMENTS (1870-1920)
As in the case from various places of the world, there were people emigrating from Anatolia to the New World America, once- especially in the early part of twentieth century- described as the land of opportunities, because of the reasons like trading, education, etc. The first immigrants from Harpoot to America were generally the students of the missioners, those sent by the missioners for education. Later on, a considerable amount of Turkish migration occurred from Harpoot to America particularly because of the activities of missioners and then trading and other expectations. Specially Armenians, among the Non-Muslims migrated to America, took part there in the centre of a campaign opponent to Turkey and caused this matter to turn out to be a political issue in this dimension. A big part of the Muslims migrated to America adhered to their religion and motherland, constructed fountains, mosques on behalf of their names and were the founders of first Turkish associations. The emigrants of Harpoot, discontented with those, donated millions of dollars from the money they earned in America to various charities in Turkey. Besides, they came back to Turkey during the War of Independence to defense their country. In this study, migration from America to Elazığ / Harpoot region was evaluated with new documents.

Keywords
Ottoman Empire, America, American Missioners, Immigration, Harpoot

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