HOW AND WHAT LEVEL ARE THE GEOGRAPHICAL ELEMENTS USED IN SECONDARY SCHOOL HISTORY COURSE BOOKS?
The place is very important for teaching of both history and geography. We cannot think of disciplines of history and geography independent from of place. The spatial distribution of geographical events and phenomena and the factors that influence this distribution are one of the main points of geographical discipline. Geographical Elements in the space (topography, geological, climatic, vegetation, underground wealth resources, demographic structure, settlement types, etc.) shape the direction of the historical events. In this context, being a good geographical literate, or having a well-known spatial knowledge in other words, is of great importance for better understanding of historical events.
This research was conducted to determine the inclusion of geographical elements in the 9th, 10th and 11th grade textbooks of secondary education. This research was carried out through qualitative research methods using a document analysis. Content analysis was used in analysing the data obtained by the document examination. Place names are given most among the geographical elements in the 9., 10. and 11th grade history textbooks, . Based on these insights, history teaching is based on place names. The frequency range of geographical terms used varies depending on the subject matter of secondary education history textbooks.
History teaching, geography teaching, space perception, history textbooks.